Last week, I started a new series of articles about The Coaster Crew’s new site. So that I can expand my design portfolio, The Coaster Crew has graciously allowed me to redesign all of their sites. The new Coaster Crew site, which recently went live, follows the new Coaster Crew Network Portal site.
Many people who aren’t familiar with my exact field would read all of this and think, “He redesigns websites. He is trying to build a design portfolio. He must be a web designer.”
I am a user experience designer.
User experience (UX) includes a lot more than just web design. In effect, in a UX project like this one, I am dealing with affecting how you feel about the Coaster Crew and how you feel about the fansites. UX designers use established methods. This is to make sure that their sites are meeting the needs of their users. These needs include being able to find what you are looking for easily, having a pleasant experience browsing the sites, and wanting to come back to this community of people who love the same parks that you do.
As a field of work, UX involves a lot. UX designers come into the UX field from graphic design, human factors engineering, computer science, marketing, and many other fields. My background is in computer science. I was a software developer before becoming a full-time freelancer in UX.
UX also has a lot of sub-fields within it. Most commonly, people would divide UX into information architecture, interaction design, human-computer interaction, and visual design. In other words, as a UX designer I deal with how websites and pages are arranged (IA), how you interact with the site (IxD and HCI), and how it looks (visual design). Many people also say that industrial design (for example, design of iPhones and iPads), sound design, copywriting, sound and video production, and architecture of buildings play a role in user experience too.
Today, I will describe how I used some common interaction design practices, surveys and personas, to help the Coaster Crew sites reach out to a broader audience.
The Coaster Crew sites have long done a great job reaching out to coaster fanatics: people who ride coasters anytime they can, who know a dive loop from an Immelmann and a B&M from an Intamin. However, not very many park visitors are this crazy about coasters. Most people who go to parks love coasters and/or the other great experiences that amusement parks provide. But they don’t often know the makes, the models, the engineering behind all these great rides, or the terms that coaster enthusiasts use a lot. Reaching out to the general public more would give Coaster Crew a much larger base of park fans to join the club, invite to their events, and contribute to their sites.
So I began this redesign project a different way. Instead of jumping right in to writing code or sketching new designs, I began by trying to understand the people that we are trying to attract to the site. My premise, which seems to have held up so far, is that coaster enthusiasts would still be served well even if the sites were designed for the general public as top priority.
I took surveys and began to understand the average park visitor, not from just my general observations at parks (which helped), but from real data – from them. Here are a few of the questions I asked in the survey:
- How often do you visit amusement parks?
- If you were to visit an amusement park’s fansite, what would you want to find out while you’re there?
- What frustrates you the most at parks, fansites, and forums?
- What do you think of the current fansites?
Based on the whole survey, I came up with personas. Personas stand in for users throughout the rest of the design process. They are based on what designers find out in surveys, interviews, and contextual inquiries (watching people use their computers, tablets, and phones in the real world). But they’re not an average. No one has exactly 2.1 kids or visits parks exactly 3.5 times a year.
So our personas included these people:
- A coaster enthusiast who visits a lot of parks and rides coasters quite frequently
- A young coaster enthusiast who is quickly learning a lot about coasters but doesn’t have as much budget or opportunity for visiting parks out of town
- A young adult general public visitor who loves coasters but only visits parks once or twice a year
- A general public mother of two young children who doesn’t ride coasters but is interested in learning about fun things she and her kids can do together.
- A mid-level manager at a theme park (we did not include them in our surveys)
I designed the fansites with Karen (4th column) as the primary persona since she is more interested in family activities at parks. She wouldn’t be served well by a fansite that only talks about roller coasters. Javier (3rd column) is the primary persona for the Coaster Crew site since he is more interested in coasters and Coaster Crew keeps coasters front and center in their activities.Here are a few highlights of what we found in our surveys:
- Long lines were the top frustration for both enthusiasts and the general public, but a much bigger problem for the general public. I think this is because coaster enthusiasts tend to visit parks more often at off-peak times. The next-biggest frustrations for general public guests were costs and crowds. Coaster enthusiasts were more frustrated by a lack of appealing food options and ride closures.
- The general public’s biggest frustration with fansites was that it was too hard to find what they were looking for on the site. Coaster enthusiasts overwhelmingly reported that a lack of recent updates is their biggest frustration. More general public respondents than coaster enthusiasts reported that they were frustrated with fansites’ professionalism and look and feel.
- On fansite forums, coaster enthusiasts’ biggest frustration was that discussions go off topic. The general public’s biggest frustrations were 1) “I can’t post as a guest” and 2) “Rude/annoying people”.
- Both enthusiasts and general public visit fansites mainly to learn more about a park’s rides. Among other goals, coaster enthusiasts were most interested in special events, food at the park, and construction updates. General public were most interested in construction updates, special events, and visit tips.
- None of the general public respondents I polled have ever been a member of a coaster club, and only 1 of more than 60 had heard of Coaster Crew before the survey. Just over a third of the enthusiasts I polled had been in a coaster club, and over half had heard of Coaster Crew.
- Coaster enthusiasts liked the existing design more. They gave it higher marks in visual appeal, layout, and findability (the ability to find information they are looking for easily).
Since many people reported that they hate long lines, the new Coaster Crew site reports in plain view that our group usually has at least one ride to ourselves during our Exclusive Ride Time (ERT) sessions. Many people who tested the new Coaster Crew site noticed this and had very positive feedback.
The mobile site brings Exclusive Ride Time and behind the scenes tours even more to the forefront.
Right after the list of event perks, we give an invitation to our next event and a list of more future events. Many events list ERT as one of their perks, so this combination goes very well.
In later articles, I’ll explain how several of the pages in the new CoasterCrew.net design came to be. I’ll begin with the homepage design, which is a radical departure from their previous site.
I am a user experience designer specializing in the amusement industry. I work for amusement parks, ride companies, coaster clubs, and any other company or organization affiliated with amusement. If you would like to hire me, please contact me through my website or tweet at @AmusementUX. You can also like my company’s Facebook page or follow me on Twitter.